Evidence HubWhat Works Resources

 

Project Resources

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  • Author Giulia Ferrari, Sergio Torres-Rueda, Christine Michaels-Igbokwe, Charlotte Watts and Anna Vassall
  • Date of publication 12 December 2018

Click here to download the guidelines and a zipped folder containing the beta version of the costing tool in excel. Unzip the folder, and start costing your intervention using the guidelines alongside the costing tool. Look out for the "worked examples" boxes in the guidelines. They show you how to record a specific cost step-by-step in the costing tool, and point you to the cells in the costing tool where you will find exactly the "example data" described in the guidelines (remember to delete these "example data" once you start costing your project). Happy costing, and please remember to send us feedback and queries on the costing tool (it is a beta version),at giulia.ferrari@lshtm.ac.uk or sergio.torresrueda@lshtm.ac.uk with the title “What Works beta costing tool feedback” to help us improve it!”

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  • VAWG themes Costs of violence
  • Country Ghana
  • Project Gender Centre - Ghana
  • Author Nata Duuvry

An assessment of the economic and social impact of VAWG in Ghana, including details of the sample size and methodology involved. Findings point to VAWG resulting in a diminished sense of safety in the community, a reduction in social cohesion, and losses for women’s leadership, leading to negative implications for women and their communities.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

Right to Play is a global organisation that uses transformative power of sport and play to educate and empower youth. This report indicated the importance of their work in Pakistan (143rd of 144 in the Gender Inequality Index) and outlines how a program of sports and play in Hyderabad is helping to prevent VAWG. Featuring a look at the activities, outreach and scope of the program, and its expected outcomes.

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  • VAWG themes All

An overview of the work of What Works, including a look at the scale of the problem, the different manifestations of VAWG, its causes, and the role of food insecurity, gender attitudes, disability, and violence against children.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan

Details of a three-year project currently running across four villages in two districts of rural Tajikistan. The project is working with family units, addressing IPV and domestic violence, and also the impact of disability in experiences of VAWG. Includes research findings and the impact of the intervention.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

Is Right to Play effective in reducing peer victimisation in Pakistan and also in improving attitudes towards gender roles, and improving youth mental health and school performance? This informative brief includes methodology, findings regarding the relationship between disability and violence, and also the intersection of corporal punishment by teachers and peer violence, and makes policy recommendations.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms

Last month the Research to Action Roundtable series brought together a group of evaluators from the DFID-funded What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls programme. The panelists included Professor Tamsin Bradley (Evaluation Research Lead), Dr Sheena Crawford (Team Lead on Performance Evaluation), Katherine Liakos from IMC (project managers of the evaluation), and Megan Lloyd-Laney (Research Uptake Lead). The Roundtable comprised discussions of the objectives and approaches of the evaluation process, insights into challenges unique to a programme of this type as well as the broader learning outcomes that could be shared with the wider evaluation community.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about the Communication Protocol for Research Uptake. This document outlines the best methods and best practice for sharing and supporting uptake of results with a wide but targeted audience including policy makers, donors, NGOs, academics and the general public, through multiple communication activities such as stakeholder forums, policy briefs, peer reviewed publications, conference papers, reports, blogs, twitter feeds, short videos, Facebook posts and the media. There are guidelines on use of language, logos, photographs and social media.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms

An article in Global Health Action from May 2017. Intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV are co-occurring global epidemics, with similar root causes of gender and economic inequalities. Economic interventions have become a central approach to preventing IPV and HIV. This article offers a comprehensive scoping review of published evaluations of economic interventions that sought to prevent IPV and/or HIV risk behaviours. Broadly, unconditional cash transfer interventions showed either flat or positive outcomes; economic strengthening interventions had mixed outcomes, with some negative, flat and positive results reported; interventions combining economic strengthening and gender transformative interventions tended to have positive outcomes.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country South Africa

This brief document covers the role of social contexts in shaping the transformation of masculinities in a gender transformative and livelihood strengthening intervention in South Africa. The brief looks at the issue of high HIV incidence and intimate partner violence in urban informal settlements of South Africa, and the role of youthful hypermasculinity that prioritizes sexual dominance and displays of violence. The intervention took the form of a gender transformative and livelihood strengthening intervention to reduce HIV risk and IPV perpetration, and its efficacy was tested in thirty-eight in-depth interviews and three focus groups post-intervention. The results and conclusions are assessed.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country South Africa
  • Project Sonke Gender Justice - South Africa

Most evidence on violence against women comes from speaking with women. It is crucial to understand how men themselves report using violence against women, and to identify ways to intervene in this human rights challenge. There is an urgent need to engage men in challenging rigid ideas about manhood and encourage men to become agents of change in their own communities. Researchers studied feedback from men from a peri-urban community on the outskirts of Johannesburg, where many people live in informal settlements. Men taking part were between 18 to 40 years old, with the average participant aged 27. This brief outlines the findings.

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The Working Paper has been published by Component Three of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls Programme, whose mandate is to capture the economic and social impacts of violence against women and girls on individuals, households, communities and whole countries.  This study evaluates some of the methodological gaps that currently exist and provides an alternative methodological approach for estimating the full macroeconomic cost of violence against women.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms

This factsheet is about how gender inequality fuels the HIV epidemic. Gender based violence (GBV) leads to a higher incidence of unsafe sex and a lower ability to negotiate condom use. Social norms around child marriage, age discordant relationships and early sexual debut can also affect HIV acquisition. Research indicates that economic dependence on male partners or family members makes women and girls more likely to acquire HIV. This factsheet looks at ways to empower women economically, and potentially barriers blocking the way. It also features case studies from around the world.

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Useful tips for writing for blogs, social media, videos, policy briefs, and letters to policy makers.

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The manual is intended to be used in its entirety with peer group participants who work through all sessions, each building on previous sessions. It is designed for use with people of any age and both genders. Originally developed for use in small, rural communities in Uganda, it has now been adapted for South Africa and after well over a decade of use is in its 3rd Edition. The Stepping Stones workshops are designed to be held with two or more peer groups drawn from a community at the same time (although this is not essential).

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment
  • Country South Africa
  • Project Stepping Stones and Creating Futures - South Africa

This is a comprehensive guide and teaching aid for a ten-session initiative to teach young people strategies to secure a better future for themselves. Each session is clearly laid out with different subjects to consider, and different exercises to undergo. At the end of the document are a number of fact sheets to help participants progress with their education, apply for jobs, secure housing and look after their own needs.

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Creating Futures is a programme designed to enhance the ability of young people to think more critically in appraising opportunities and challenges related to their lives and livelihoods. It was developed for implementation among young people (18-24 years) living in urban informal settlements in South Africa. Creating Futures is designed to be facilitated by trained peer facilitators in a participatory style, encouraging participants to seek and develop relevant livelihoods for themselves through their own learning.

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09 January 2017

Greentree II Report

Compiled and edited by Lori Heise (link is external) and Elizabeth McGrory, this publication synthesises the discussions and conclusions of a three-day expert consultation on the links between HIV and violence against women and girls (VAWG).

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The Right To Play Project Newsletter for April to September 2016 is out! Download it here.

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This document describes the Department for International Development’s (DFID) open and enhanced access policy for the research that DFID funds. The aim of this policy is to increase the uptake and use of findings from research funded by DFID.

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This branding guidance is for staff in DFID and its partner organisations. It predominantly covers use of the UK aid logo, which is the logo most relevant to delivery partners.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes Costs of violence
  • Author Nata Duvvury

Presentation for the What Works Annual Scientific Meeting, September 9, 2016, outlining the questions, approach, focus, design and framework of research into VAWG.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Ghana
  • Project Gender Centre - Ghana

A study to assess the community level impact of the Gender Centre’s Rural Response System in reducing VAW in Ghana. This presentation features methodology demographics and results, looking at IPV statistics and the prevalence of different forms of IPV.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country South Sudan

The goal of the formative research was to improve understanding of the overall context of VAWG and conflict in South Sudan, as well as to inform the design of the population-based survey and complementary qualitative tools, which is being implemented in the final phases of study. This research report features the methodology involved, and an assessment of the different types of VAWG. The report encompasses aspects such as marriage dowry, violence in girlhood, violence in adulthood, and conflict and VAWG, before finishing with conclusions and recommendations.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

This report studies the prevalence of peer violence among sixth grade students in Hyderabad. It also seeks to describe associations between socio-economic status, school performance, mental health, gender attitudes, violence at home and peer violence perpetration and victimisation.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Nepal

A study exploring the nature of VAWG and its effects, the community response to VAWG, and the linkages between economic conditions and VAWG. This study looks at the dominant gender norms for each sex, the causes of household conflict, and the causes and different types of VAWG. It finishes with conclusions and recommendations.

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The Right to Play Project will conduct an extensive impact evaluation, that will contribute new evidence on best practice approaches to working through schools and sports programmes, to build positive attitudes and support for gender equality amongst young people.  This programme is funded by the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls. The latest project updates are included in the November 2015 newsletter.

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Orange Day 2015 Celebrations - Infographic Report

Globally, one in three women have experienced physical or sexual violence in their lifetime, mostly from an intimate partner. From 25 November through 10 December, Human Rights Day, KHPT’s programmes on 16 days of activism against gender based violence focused on the 2015 theme, ‘Preventing Violence against Women’, of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

Under the Samvedana Plus programme, village walks, street plays, and community discussions were organised to raise awareness and mobilise village communities to end violence against women. These events highlighted the discrimination faced by women and girls within these communities and galvanised local action calling for an end to violence against them.

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The Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, University of Manitoba and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine are evaluating the impact of Samvedana Plus within a DFID-funded consortium called STRIVE.  The findings from this study will form the qualitative baseline for STRIVE's evaluation of the Samvedana Plus intervention, which is supported by the DFID-funded consortium What Works to prevent Violence Against Women.

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To reduce risk of HIV and STIs, programmes should promote equitable gender norms. This means working with men to redefine masculinity in other ways, not as dominance and control. To do this, it is important to collect evidence of gender norms and IPV as possible drivers of HIV transmission, and to share new understanding with government, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community-based organisations (CBOs), funders and communities.

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What is Samvedana Plus? An intervention and evaluation study, Samvedana Plus aims to understand and address violence and HIV risk in the intimate partnerships of female sex workers. This brochure provides background information about the Samvedana Plus study.

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The high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) amongst women, and particularly those in sex work or female sex workers (FSWs), has been increasingly recognized. Studies involving female sex workers have focussed on violence from clients, often quantitatively identifying risk factors.  Few studies have examined IPV facing FSWs and none have included both male and female partners or taken a community-based research (CBR) approach. Qualitative community-based research is valuable for better understanding the mechanisms by which multi-levelled factors may be increasing vulnerability to IPV, from the perspective of women in sex work and their male intimate partners.

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The Samvedana Poster illustrates the findings from the participatory research in North Karnataka, India. The objective of the study is to understand the drivers of violence and condom use in the relationship between sex workers and their intimate partners. This study was conducted in two separate, three-day residential workshops with 31 female sex workers (FSWs) and 37 intimate partners (IPs).

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The role of the male partners in determining the sex workers’ sexual behaviour is very significant. The male partners’ ideas of masculinity, sanctions given by society and the lack of accountability and responsibility in a sexual relationship increases the risk and vulnerability of their female partners,female sex workers as well as the general population of women, particularly regular female partners. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust has conducted a series of participatory workshops with sex workers and their intimate partners to explore how they understand and interpret their relationships, the reasons for not using condoms in these relationships and the role of violence and its consequences.

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A lack of understanding of the nature and dynamics of sex workers’ relationship with their intimate partnerships made it difficult to design appropriate strategies to address the issues of non-usage of condoms and violence which increase FSWs’ risk and vulnerability. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT) tried to address this gap by conducting a series of participatory workshops with sex workers and their intimate partners to explore how they understand and interpret their relationships, reasons for not using condoms in intimate relationships, the role of violence and its consequences.

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Violence against women and girls can be prevented. New studies have shown that carefully designed interventions, which focus on transforming gender norms and work at multiple levels, can significantly reduce women’s experience of violence within one to two years. These interventions show great promise for our goal of creating a world free from violence as envisaged in the Sustainable Development Goals.

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Participatory approaches to behaviour change dominate HIV- and intimate partner violence prevention interventions. Research has identified multiple challenges in the delivery of these.  In this article, we focus on how facilitators conceptualize successful facilitation and how these understandings may undermine dialogue
and critical consciousness, through a case study of facilitators engaged in the delivery of Stepping Stones and Creating Futures and ten focus-group discussions held with facilitators.

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This study uses the 2005 Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings as a tool to assess how the humanitarian sector met the needs of women and girls in the response to Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines. It specifically looks at how prevention and mitigation of violence against women and girls (VAWG) were carried out in the early phase of the emergency response and investigates the effectiveness of deploying gender-based violence experts to assist with mainstreaming VAWG prevention and response activities across the humanitarian response. It also links to the revised Guidelines for Integrating Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action, published in September 2015, with recommendations for implementation, funding, research, and more.

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